Starting cities is a fascinating idea that doesn't happen all that frequently anymore - but of course it does happen. Makes me think of Al Khatt (The Line) in Saudi Arabia. More likely than starting new small cities (at least in the US of 2023), I think we're talking about growing towns, villages, and townships into small cities. Bend, OR is a good example. 30 years ago it had a population of less than 25,000 people. Today it's basically the same size as South Bend. What drives that growth? Are they learning from past city's mistakes as they expand? Is there anything a city like South Bend can learn from them?

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